Parole plays a role in the lives of many convicted individuals. The purpose of parole is to help a previously incarcerated person resume life in society under the guidance of a parole officer. Two of these elements include helping a person with housing and employment-related issues. Additionally, parole serves the purpose of protecting society from individuals who might present a risk to those around them by making sure that the person follows particular requirements. There are a variety of reasons why a person might want to appeal a parole board’s decision.
On one hand, a person convicted of a crime might want to overturn a parole board’s refusal to let a person have his or her freedom. On the other side, the victim of a crime might want to change a parole board’s decision so that the individual can be safer a while longer. No matter the reason why a person decides to appeal a parole board’s decision, there are two things that help greatly. First, a person should make sure to obtain the assistance of a skilled attorney who understands how these matters are handled. Second, a person should understand some of the applicable laws concerning parole board decisions.
The Scope of Parole Board Decisions
Prison officials rather than judges consider parole requests. These “parole board” officials meet routinely to hear parole requests. When appeals are made, they are either made to a board of appeals, a court, or in some cases, the governor.
In the federal system, the United States Parole Commission is tasked with handling paroles for several types of prisoners, which include:
- Prisoners whose offenses date before November 1, 1978
- Prisoners serving time in the District of Columbia
- Military offenders who are sentenced to federal prisons
- International prisoners
When a parole decision is made, the appropriate authority will rely on a number of factors, which include the seriousness of the offense, whether the sentencing judge made any parole recommendations, and whether the prisoner has followed applicable rules.
There are several factors commonly known to influence a positive parole decision. First, misconduct that leads to good time being withheld can jeopardize a person’s parole. Second, parole might only be granted on the condition that a person is deported and remains outside of the country. Third, the Parole Commission recognizes that every person has the right to an appeal regarding a conviction and sentence.
The United States Sentencing Commission adheres to federal law, which states that prisoners whose behavior has been exemplary must be given 54 days per year off of his or her sentence.
A release plan will often include a suitable residence as well as a verified employment offer. A parole advisor is necessary only if the Commission requires one.
There are a number of factors that are usually required as the terms of a parole. Most commonly, a parolee will be required to meet periodically with a parole officer. Some of the other common conditions that parolees are required to meet include:
- Attend court-ordered counseling or treatment program
- Avoid certain individuals including gang members, victims, and witnesses
- Obey all applicable laws
- Pay court-ordered fines and restitution
- Report a parolee’s location through either call-in’s or an electronic tracking device
- Submit to random searches of a parolee’s person and homes
- Refrain from alcohol and drug use
Generally, a fine must be dealt with in some manner before the Commission will address the time portion of a sentence. In many cases, fines are taken care of by being paid off. If a person cannot pay off a fine, he or she is able to apply an oath if it can be shown that there are no funds or assets in the individual’s possession. A case manager can help a person take this oath. If the offender is not able to pay the fine nor qualify for the oath, special circumstances still might warrant parole. The convicted individual, however, will still likely be liable for the amount of the fine.
The Difference between Parole and Probation
Parole and probation are similar in some ways, but vastly different in others. Some of the major differences between parole and probation are that parole is granted to a person who has been serving a prison sentence, while parole is decided by a prison official and probation can be the sentence for a crime or can begin after a person has served time in prison.
Challenging a Grant of Parole
Individuals can respond to these situations by writing a report to the board deciding the convicted individual’s parole to emphasize any other additional but important information. A parole board might then use this information as an impact statement by the victim of the crime. These written statements will remain in the convicted individual’s file. A person might also point out any violations of any requirements placed on the convicted individual, which can act as a way to challenge granting that person parole. If parole has been granted, a person can demonstrate that the ex-convict has violated applicable terms of the parole. During parole, an ex-convict must obey certain laws. Some of these laws including asking permission to travel an extended distance from one’s residence, being required to avoid all guns and weapons, or being required to live at a halfway house. Violating any of these terms can result in a person’s parole being revoked.
Challenging a Parole Board’s Decision to Deny a Person Parole
In some situations, a person might be able to ask a judge to release the individual after certain amount of time in prison has been served. The law might prohibit a judge, however, from releasing a person charged with a violent or sex crime. A person can file an appeal with a parole hearing board. Appellate reviews are frequently granted because new information that was not available at the time of the convicted person’s hearing arises, misconduct is performed by a hearings official, and significant procedural errors were made by a parole hearing official.
Obtain the Assistance of an Experienced Appellate Attorney
If you require assistance with appealing the probate process, it is a wise idea to obtain the assistance of a seasoned attorney. Do not hesitate to contact The Federal Criminal Law Center to obtain the assistance that you need.